First Aid with Andy's Appliance & Refrigeration Service & Repair

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Safety First

 Welcome to Andy's Appliance & Refrigeration Certified Appliance Service Technician and Local Member of the Better Business Bureau®, Family Locally Owned Company in Vancouver, B.C.

Vancouver Friendly Mobile Service Line: 604.551.3330

Electrical shock BRR! First aid.

Any Electrical appliance must be connected to ground (earth).
Disconnect from electric supply before servicing. (You must shut off the main power supply).
For electric shock, turn off power or separate a person injured from contact with electricity, by using dry wood, rope, cloth, or rubber; Administer CPR (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation).
The danger from an electrical shock depends on how high the voltage is, how the current travelled through the body, the person's overall health and how quickly the person is treated.
Call 911 or your local emergency number immediately.

Electrical burns are a medical emergency. An electrical burn may look minor on the outside, but electricity can cause serious internal damage, including burns and heart rhythm disorders. 
In electric shock, cut off current or insulate hands with rubber before removing victim from current; apply artificial respiration.

Heart rhythm disorders, called arrhythmias, are problems usually caused by an electrical system in the heart muscle, producing abnormal heart rhythms. This can cause the heart to pump less effectively, which can lead to symptoms like fatigue, chest pain and dizziness.

Heart rhythm disorders - Heart rhythm disorders, called arrhythmias, are problems usually caused by an electrical system in the heart muscle, producing abnormal heart rhythms. This can cause the heart to pump less effectively, (if the heart rate is slow, or less than 60 beats per minute, say 30-45 beats per minute) which can lead to symptoms like fatigue, chest pain and dizziness.
A normal pulse rate for a healthy adult  (age 18 and over), at rest usually range between, 60 to 100 beats per minute.
A normal pulse rate for a healthy Child (ages 6 - 15), at rest usually range between 70 to 100 beats per minute.
A heart rate of less than 60 beats per minute is called bradycardia heart problems.
Your pulse is your heart rate, or the number of times your heart beats in one minute. Pulse rates are different from person to person. 
Count the beats you feel for 10 seconds. Multiply this number by six to get your heart rate (pulse) per minute.
Count your pulse: _  beats in 10 seconds x 6 = _ beats/minute

- Chest pain - Chest pain symptoms of a heart attack (happen to men as well as women), include crushing or squeezing chest pain that increases in intensity or occurs with any of the following symptoms:
- Rapid or irregular heartbeat
- Pain in the abdomen, upper back, neck, jaw, shoulders and left arm or right arm or both
- Shortness of breath
- Lightheadedness
- Sweating
- Nausea or vomiting

If the person who is having heart attack symptoms loses consciousness, follow the Rescue Breathing and CPR guidelines.
Chest pain, is a key warning of a heart attack, but there are many causes of this health problems. Chest pain is not necessarily a result of heart disease, which one is angina
- Angina  - Angina, also known as pectoris, results from insufficient oxygen supply to the heart muscle. The chest pain usually is under or to the left of the sternum (breast bone) and may radiate to the upper back, neck, jaws, shoulders and left arm or right arm or both. Angina frequently follows after overeating, excitement, exertion and exposure to cold.
Associated symptoms are:
- Faintness
- Difficulty in breathing

Angina usually occurs after the age of 50, more often in men than in women.

- Dizziness - Dizziness painless head with many possible causes. Dizziness which is a painless head sensation can happen to people of any age, it is more likely to affect older adults. Dizziness can also lead to falls and other injuries. Is often used to describe two different sensations like:
- Vertigo
- Lightheadedness

Vertigo is a sensation that your body or the world around you is falling, moving or spinning. Vertigo is usually related to inner ear problems. Vertigo may occur with vomiting and nausea.
It may be impossible to encounter trouble walking, standing or may lose of balance and fall.
Lightheadedness is common when you have a cold, flu or allergies. Diarrhoea, vomiting, and fever can cause dehydration and lightheadedness.

First Aid, immediate treatment of a patient while awaiting the arrival of a medical aid. Proper early measures may be instrumental in saving life and ensuring a better more rapid recovery. Prevention of further injury is important.
What is CPR?
CPR Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation - is an emergency procedure involving chest compressions (gently pressing down on the chest) and artificial respiration (rescue breathing before you can begin the chest compressions). CPR has the power to restore blood flow to someone experiencing cardiac arrest, keeping them alive until an ambulance arrives.

Artificial Respiration emergency care or treatment, any measure that replaces natural breathing in such cases as respiratory paralysis, drowning, choking, gas, smoke inhalation, poisoning, or electric shock. The act of respiration can be taken over by mechanical appliances such as the Artificial Lung ( especially in respiratory paralysis), the Pulmotor, or any other type of mechanical respirator. But artificial respiration must be instituted swiftly in life-saving situations and, in the absence of a mechanical respirator or any other professional help, anyone present must be ready to undertake emergency measures. There are several manual methods of instituting artificial respiration, but these have been largely replaced by the mouth-to-mouth or mouth-to-nose method. It should first be determined that the mouth air passage are free of foreign matter and that the base of the tongue is not pressing against the back of the throat. The victim should be placed on his back, with his head tilted backward so that the chin is pointing upward. The reviver's mouth is then placed tightly over the victim's mouth, the latter's nostrils being kept tightly shut. Or the reviver's mouth may be placed over the victim's nose, with the victim's mouth kept closed. The reviver takes a deep breath and blows into the victim's mouth (or nose). The person administering treatment then turns his head away and waits for the return rush of air. If the victim is an adult, blow vigourously into the mouth or nose at about the rate of 12 breaths per minute. For the child the breaths should be shallower, about 20 per minute. Breathing into the victim should be continued until natural breathing resumes or until professional help arrives or until there is not the slightest doubt that life is gone.

Rescue Breathing and CPR guidelines.

If the victim is not breathing but has sings of circulation, such as movement, give rescue breaths:
- Adults – 2 breaths every 15 second.
- Children – 1 breath every 3 second.
- Infants - 1 breath every 3 second.

If the victim has no signs of circulation, position hands to do chest compressions:
- Adults – 2 fingers' – width above tip of sternum.
- Children – 2 fingers' – width above tip of sternum.
- Infants – Place 1 finger – width below nipple line.

Do chest compressions with:
- Adults – 2 hands stacked; heel of 1 hand on sternum.
- Children – Heel of 1 hand on sternum.
- Infants – 2 or 3 fingers on sternum.

Rate of compressions per minute:
- Adults – 80 to 100.
- Children – 100.
- Infants – 100.

Compressions depth:
- Adults – 3.75 to 5 cm (1.5 to 2 inches).
- Children – 2.5 to 3.75 cm (1 to 1.5 inches).
- Infants – 1.25 to 2.5 cm (0.50 to 1 inch).

Ratio of compressions to breaths:
- Adults – 15:2.
- Children – 5:1.
- Infants – 5:1.

Cuts and scrapes:
The goal of treatment is to reduce the risk of infection and help speed the healing process.
First aid:
Wash the area well with soap and water. Apply pressure to stop the bleeding with a gauze pad, clean tissue or cloth and hold it there firmly for 5 to 10 minutes or until the bleeding stops. Cover the cut or scrape with a new bandage daily, ensuring the bandage remains clean and dry. If there are any sings of infection (swelling, fever or warmth) contact your doctor.

Before servicing or moving an appliance:
- Remove pawer cord from electric outlet, circuit breakers trip to OFF, or remove fuses.
- Use only replacement parts catalogued for appliances. Substitutions may defeat compliance with safety standards set for home appliances.

Grounding: The standard color coding for safety ground wires is Green or Green with Yellow Stripes.
All safety grounds (both internal and external to the product) are correctly and securely connected. Ground leads are not to be used as current carrying conductors.
- All electrical leads are properly dressed and secured away from sharp edges, high-temperature components, and moving parts.
- All uninsulated electrical terminals, connectors, heaters, etc. have adequate spacing from all metal parts and panels. All electric, connectors are correctly and securely connected.

Tips for Taking Care of YOUR Back, many people do not pay attention to their posture.

Back: The rear or dorsal part of the human body between the neck and the pelvis.

Alter your position regularly as you work:
- Do not lift heavy objects.
- If you must lift something, remember to bend your knees and your back straight.
- Where belt that support your back if necessary.

- Do not stretch or squat with a bent back.
- Do not twist or reach too far in front.
- Do not stoop or work too far in front of you.
- Do not bend too far to the side.
- Do not over stretch or swing from side to side.

Why does my back hurt?

The most common reason for back pain is a muscle strain or sprain. A strain is an overstretched or torn muscle, whereas a sprain is an injury to the ligaments. Both injuries often lead to muscle spasms, and sometimes even radiating pain into the buttocks.
- Excessive exercise and heavy lifting can both lead to muscle strains, commonly experienced by physical labourers and athletes. Poor posture can lead to various muscle imbalances, which ultimately may cause muscles to tighten up and strain.
- Another common condition leading to back pain  involves disc herniations. In a nutshell, your spine is made up of vertebrae, and between each vertebra is a disc. The disc is a soft cushiony substance that allows for shock absorption of the spine.
- A herniated or ruptured disc happens when the harder outer wall of the disc cracks and the inside seeps out. A herniated disc can compress a nerve in the spine; this condition is commonly know as a pinched nerve.
- Degenerative disc disease, another disc condition, involves a decrease in liquid content of the disc, causing the disc to decrease in size and become harder. Disc pain is most commonly felt in the lower back, and can also be experienced in the leg due to nerve pain.
- A woman's body goes through many postural and weight changes during pregnancy. The extra weight in the stomach region can cause extra stress to a woman's back. This can lead to muscle strains and injuries to the vertebra discs. A common condition also experienced during pregnancy is sciatic inflammation and pressure on the sciatic nerve which can lead to mild or extreme low back pain, as well as pain and numbness into the buttock and down the leg. Most symptoms of sciatica disappear after childbirth.
- Osteoporosis, otherwise known as thinning of the bones due to calcium loss, can cause back pain and in extreme cases may lead to fractures throughout the body. Post menopausal women have the highest incidence due to the decrease in their estrogen levels, a hormone important in maintaining bone strength.

Have a Great, and Healthy Day!

Vancouver, B.C. Certified Appliance Service Technician Line: 604.551.3330

Information: We do not take responsibility for any of the content you may find on these sites. If you have a personal health concern, please consult your qualified health practitioner.

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